The pupil premium is a grant given to schools to close the attainment gap between disadvantaged pupils and their peers, and to support pupils with parents in the armed forces.
Schools receive money for each pupil of compulsory school age who fits the eligibility criteria. There are five different categories of eligibility with varying amounts of funding attached.
The grant is allocated in line with the financial year, which begins in April. Allocations are based on data from the previous January census. If an eligible pupil joins the school after the census, the school will not receive their allocation until the following year.